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Mbokodo: the soldiers of the ANC inside its hell PDF Print E-mail
Friday, 05 July 2013 07:07

The text below was taken from website “Why we are white refugees”, update of 16th September 2010.

 

Excerpts: Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story, by Mwezi Twala

 

Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier's Story, by Mwezi Twala & Ed BernardMbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story,
by Ed Bernard and Mwezi Twala […]

Further below are excerpts from Mwezi Twala’s book: Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story. Herewith two preface perspectives:

In Women in the ANC and SWAPO: sexual abuse of young women in the ANC camps, by Olefile Samuel Mngqibisa, October 1993, Searchlight South Africa, No 11, Pages 11-16 [...]; Olefile Samuel Mngqibisa, a former soldier in the ANC’s Umkhonto we Sizwe, describes the education of an Mbokodo officer in a poem which he presented to the Commission of Inquiry into human rights abuses in ANC detention camps, chaired by Mr Sam Motsuenyane.


Give a young boy — 16 years old — from the ghetto of Soweto, an opportunity to drive a car for the first time in his life.
This boy is from a poor working class family.
Give him money to buy any type of liquor and good, expensive clothes.
This boy left South Africa during the Soweto schools uprising in 1976. He doesn’t know what is an employer.
He never tasted employer-exploitation.
Give him the right to sleep with all these women.
Give him the opportunity to study in Party Schools and well-off military academies in Eastern Europe.
Teach him Marxism-Leninism and tell him to defend the revolution against counter-revolutionaries.
Send him to the Stasi to train him to extract information by force from enemy agents. He turns to be a torturer and executioner by firing squad.
All these are the luxuries and the dream-come-true he never thought of for his lifetime...
This Security becomes the law unto itself.

In Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story, Mwezi Twala writes:
The death rate grew to horrific proportions, some by suicide but mostly by murder. Others went insane under the constant stress or from everlasting pain. From time to time prisoners were removed from our cells and we forced ourselves to believe that they were being transferred: we preferred to look on the bright side because we could not handle the psychological devastation of facing probable reality... No-one knows how many people were slaughtered at Quatro and the other camps, not even the ANC leaders. The use of MK names and Quatro names added to the confusion of keeping track of who was dead or alive: I heard one bizarre case where due to a confusion in code names a prisoner being tortured confessed to having murdered himself. Another confessed to murdering cadres who were subsequently found alive. Many of the guards (and prisoners) were young teenagers and were not particularly responsible people. The youngest prisoner at Quatro was a ten year old boy named Inzindlebe... because he was an “enemy agent”. (p. 90)


Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story
by Mwezi Twala and Ed Bernard
Jonathan Ball Publishers
Preface to Excerpts by Andrea Muhrrteyn

The following are excerpts from Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story, by Mwezi Twala and Ed Benard. The excerpts below include details of some of the Quatro atrocities committed by ANC security/Mbokodo at among others Camp Quatro, and Twala’s comparison between the Apartheid Goverment and ANC’s treatment of their prisoners.

Mbokodo was submitted as one of the list of authorities evidentiary documents in support of the argument that the TRC’s “crime of apartheid” was a falsification of history; in Radical Honesty SA Amicus to Concourt (PDF). [Ed Notes are in square brackets, bold emphasis is added]

The Viana Papers and the Mkatashinga Mutiny

In 1981 began a time of terror and death for ANC members in exile. In February a strong ANC National Executive Committee entourage which included President Tambo made the rounds of all ANC camps in Angola. Cadres were warned of the presence of a spy network and the need for vigilance was emphasised. Enemy agents and provocateurs were rudely warned by Piliso, in Xhosa, “.. I’ll hang them by their balls.” An “internal enemy” psychosis had been whipped up and whenever ANC leaders visited camps they were heavily guarded. Many men and women were apprehended on suspicion of dissidence were to be exterminated in the most brutal manner in the months ahead. Those disiullsioned MK cadres who returned from Rhodesia were the first to go.(p.  49)

I became aware of these developments by word of mouth, but I was to discover later on, by personal experience, the terror of Quatro, to name but one death camp. People were removed from amongst us -- taken to Quatro or Camp 13 -- and disappeared forever without reason. Many of them were slaughtered by one means or another and their ultimate destination was a shallow grave. We heard rumours of execution by being buried alive, amongst many other techniques beyond civilized imagination. The purge created great fear amongst all of us, to the point where the smallest criticism, such as of badly prepared food, was seriously reconsidered by every individual, for one could never be certain that a “best friend” would keep his mouth shut. (p. 49)

Our own security people became exceedingly arrogant, to the point where an innocent slip of the tongue or even a simple gesture could land you in a torture cell at Quatro. Security men of the lowest rank and intelligence -- fourteen to eighteen year olds -- became our masters, with the power of life or death in their hands. They acted on a mood with impunity. (p. 49-50)

...

Oliver Tambo visited Pango [Camp] at the height of the terror. The path from the entrance to the admin building was lined -- like a scene from “Spartacus” -- with men, bloodied and filthy, hanging from trees. When his entourage arrived at admin, where I was officer on duty, Tambo’s chief of staff told us that there would be a meeting at “the stage” (a clearing in the jungle... where we held meetings and discussions). Runners were sent out to notify everyone in the vicinity. On his way to the stage [Oliver Tambo] again passed the men tied to the trees. Being officer on duty, I could not attend the meeting, but my deputy went. After a while I saw guards come up from the stage, release the prisoners and take them to the meeting. There, my deputy told me, instead of objecting to their treatment, as I had hoped, Tambo berated them for their dissident behaviour and appeared to approve when Andrew Masondo declared that on the presidents next visit they would be in shallow graves behind the stage. The prisoners were returned to their trees.. where the president [Oliver Tambo] passed the unfortunate men without a glance on his way out, and they hung there for another three months -- followed by three months hard labour. (p. 51-52)

...

Tambo was a brilliant and ruthless man...... After his appointment as acting president of the ANC at the 1969 Morogoro Conference, a power struggle developed. In 1975, eight members of the leadership were purged... The next ANC national conference would not occur until 1985 at Kabwe... Tambo effectively became a dictator... A Tambo hero cult was promoted and cadres were required to sing his praises in a reverent manner as though sacred hymns were being sung... Gradually the Mbokodo tried to instil in cadres the belief that the ANC leadership was infallible, and any cadre who refused to voluntarily accept this premise was coerced by threats. Mzwai Piliso summed up this approach when he said: “If you as much as point a finger at the ANC leadership, we will chop off your whole arm.” (p. 52-53)

...

The [Viana] Report pulled no punches, despite its tactful approach. There was general consensus that the ANC in exile had lost focus and there was widespread disenchantment with its leaders. A consultative conference was called for, to elect new leaders who would be charged with getting the ANC back on track. The cadres were floundering in fetid Angolan camps while the leaders were wallowing in luxury in Lusaka. There was very strong evidence that ANC funds were being misappropriated for the personal use of the leaders, many of whom had acquired expensive real estate in foreign countries. An audit of ANC funds was demanded. Corruption was rampant: some ANC leaders were using ANC personnel and facilities to indulge in illegal activities such as drug smuggling, car theft and illicit diamond dealing, while other abused their positions to gain sexual favours from young female cadres. (p. 55)

...

I was one of the more vociferous speakers.... [National Commissar Masondo] convened a meeting in Viana to be very critical of the report. His eyes bored into me like laser beams... He lashed out at me personally and told me that I should take cognisance of the fact that trying to be a “Lech Walesa” would be to my detriment: if I persisted in rocking the boat I would be crushed. My response was that I was not making trouble for anyone and that the report-back was an honest and truthful statement of the facts as we knew them to be. He angrily retorted: “You should be very careful, because at times, truth and facts are very destructive and should be avoided.” (p. 56)

Then President Nelson Mandela with his Minister of Defence: Joe Modise... Three NEC men in particular were singled out for bitter criticism: Joe Modise, the MK commander, who most men felt was incompetent and who was seen to be abusing his position to facilitate corrupt money-making ventures instead of advancing the fight against apartheid; Mzwandile (Mzwai) Piliso, the chief of the Mbokodo, who was regarded as a soulless ideologue bent on the suppression of dissent and democracy in the ANC; and Andrew Masondo, who as National Commissar was responsible for the implementation of NEC decisions and for providing political guidance to ANC personnel, but who abused this authority to defend corruption. Apart from Tambo, these men were the only NEC members who had direct access to Quatro (p. 61)

... [After another mutiny where approximately 90% of MK had mutinied, another list of demands were drawn up, to be represented by a Committee of Ten, demanding (a) suspension of Mbokodo, commission to investigate Mbokodo and Camp Quatro activities, (b) review of ANC policy towards apartheid and armed struggle; (c) a fully democratic conference to elect new leaders. Thereafter on 16 February 1984, Twela is shot by Mbokodo on instructions of Joe Modise and Chris Hani. He is shot in ribs, piercing his lung and liver. The Committee of 10 are transported to Camp Nova Installacao.]


The Plot and Nova Installacao


The conditions were beyond imagination. Within the four walls the only item was the bed, which was a concrete slab jutting out of the wall about thirty centimeters off the floor. No mattress was provided, nor even a blanket. In one corner was a toilet, blocked to the seat with faeces and stale urine, surrounded by a cloud of bluebottle flies and a stench beyond description. To add insult to injury, there was no water. I was told the Angolans had been instructed not to give me medical assistance: “You get nothing, you are going to die here!” (p. 72)

[Another white female prisoner, an Angolan citizen in prison for a civil misdemeanour bribes the guards to get him medical attention and he recovers. He remains there for about 18 months, whereupon he is informed he will be transferred to Quatro.]


Quatro

Inside Quatro: Uncovering the Exile History of the ANC and SWAPO, by Paul TrewhelaAll the buildings at Quatro had concrete roofs and floors with no windows...

Rules of the Camp:

1. No complaints would be tolerated and severe punishment would be meted out to any such complainant.
2. Under no circumstances were we to utilise holes, cracks or other apertures for the purpose of observation or communication with the occupants of adjacent cells. To break this rule was regarded as a very serious crime.
3. During the entire period of detention at Quatro, the only human relationship allowed was with cell mates.
4. Detainees had at all times to run. Walking was forbidden.
5. Severe punishment would be meted out to any detainee who when outside of his cell, failed to hide his face, turn his back or take cover when in the vicinity of another detainee.
6. It was the duty of every detainee to maintain a minimum distance of five meters from any of the armed security guards. Failure to observe this rule was punishable by a beating.
7. Orders issued under any circumstance by the security guards had to be obeyed instantly. Failure to comply was punishable by a beating.
8. When you were punished by a beating you were not to block or attempt to evade the blows. If you did so, further punishment would be meted out.
9. Detainees had only one right, to obey at all times the rules and authority governing them. (p. 82)


... The cell was long and narrow, barely wide enough for a tall man to lie across it, and empty except for a four-litre plastic container, neither bottle nor bucket, which was to serve as a toilet. The only source of light and ventilation was the three three-inch pipes that protruded through the wall... The door was solid steel but did not fit the frame very well, which allowed some extra light and air to filter in. From about 0900 hours to 1500 hours the light was poor; thereafter the cell was dark. (p. 82-83)

...

Quatro routine was monotonous. Reveille was at 0500 hrs. In the blackness of the cell we awakened to our first chore of the day, to roll up our blankets (We slept on the floor, there were no beds). Next, two of us had to be ready to remove the toilet bucket, filled with its odious contents, at the orders of the guards. (p. 86)

At 0600 hrs the cell door was opened with a crash and impatient guards gestured to us to grab the “toilet” and start running with our load to the cesspool some hundred meters from the gate. In itself a fairly easy journey, the only problem was that we had to run, negotiating our way through an avenue of guards armed with an assortment of sticks, whips, baseball bats and even sjamboks, with which they beat us as we ran. Despite the unrelenting blows raining down on us, we faced punishment if we stumbled and sloshed the “cargo” as we ran down the steeply sloping hill. On arrival at the pit we emptied the contents into it, leaving the chamber at the pit side to be collected by us later in the day. We then turned and ran back to the cells. The return journey was fraught with danger because the guards thought it good entertainment to grab a detainee or two and give them a beating or a lashing. This abuse was handed out purely at the whim of the guards or in order to pay back a grudge. Bruised and bleeding, the inmates would stumble back into their cells. (p. 86)

The significant result of this chore-cum-beating was that the only toilet facility in each cell was now down at the pit. Those detainees destined to remain in their cells for the day would be without the luxury of a toilet until 1700 hrs. Furthermore, we had no water or soap to wash our hands, so the men and the cell degenerated into a pretty disgusting condition. Because of the unhygienic conditions under which we lived, much of the time we had diarrhoea and it was absolute agony not having access to a toilet facility during the day. One could not sit down or one was sunk! We “tap danced” all day to avoid messing in our pants or the cell. Aside from the embarrassment, discomfort, humiliation and of course the smell, if one had an “accident”, the guards would beat up the offender. At times I felt that I had been degraded to an animal status and I had to keep reminding myself that the guilt must lie with Mbokodo, not me. One had no privacy, and when the four-litre containers which had dried faeces on the inside and outside were returned to the cells, we all rushed to join the queue to use them. The physical discomfort was so great that one was oblivious of any sense of shame or embarrassment. (p. 86-87)

At 0700 hrs breakfast, mixed in a 20 litre tin. The “mix” varied, from a piece of bread to porridge or half-cooked beans. The choice between eating or getting medical treatment was left entirely to the inmate. (p. 87)

At 0730 hours work began.. such as chopping and carting large logs to build bomb shelters, chopping firewood, digging trenches, hauling a thousand litre steel Russian water tank up a very steep incline nearly 1300 meters long. (p. 87)

[The guards beating was considered sport]

... This activity (or sport) reached revolting excesses and was amply demonstrated on the occasions when a team of six of us was assigned to spend a working day collecting firewood. The guards, fully armed, two for each detainee, would escort us through the near-jungle terrain selecting suitable dry trees. On sighting such a tree we would call the guards. Once approval was given we would move towards the target tree. Before any further action took place the guard would instruct one of us to chop sticks from surrounding bushes, with which to chop the tree down very quickly. We were called “bandits”, and “bandits” did not get tired. “Coffee or guava”? meant did you prefer to be beaten with a coffee or guava tree branch. If they decided we were not cutting down a tree fast enough, they simply laid into us with increased fury.... We were prodded and whipped like oxen as we struggled in the heat to pull the stacked trestles up the hill back to Quatro.

[Lunch from 12:30 to 13:13, then back to work till 17:00] (p. 87.88)

...

Oliver Tambo and Nelson Mandela sing the ANC anthem in Johannesburg, after Mandela’s release and Tambo’s return from exile.

The death rate grew to horrific proportions, some by suicide but mostly by murder. Others went insane under the constant stress or from everlasting pain. From time to time prisoners were removed from our cells and we forced ourselves to believe that they were being transferred: we preferred to look on the bright side because we could not handle the psychological devastation of facing probable reality.... No-one knows how many people were slaughtered at Quatro and the other camps, not even the ANC leaders. The use of MK names and Quatro names added to the confusion of keeping track of who was dead or alive: I heard one bizarre case where due to a confusion in code names a prisoner being tortured confessed to having murdered himself. Another confessed to murdering cadres who were subsequently found alive. Many of the guards (and prisoners) were young teenagers and were not particularly responsible people. The youngest prisoner at Quatro was a ten year old boy named Inzindlebe... because he was an “enemy agent”. (p.90)

I heard that the Quatro gravedigger was often forced to dig the grave of an Mbokodo victim by hand. Often while doing this he would unearth the remains of previous Mbokodo victims buried in shallow graves. ANC leaders, command authorities and international cohorts of the ANC would in the future vehemently deny that such things ever took place, but I for one was there, I saw it happening. I was personally involved and brutalized at Quatro for the better part of four long years. (p.90)

...

The dehumanisation of the detainees damaged, as it was intended to, the very core of the men. I watched healthy young men disintegrate into cabbages with no will to live. They became little more than robots, morons. No longer did they care about the lack of soap and water to wash their hands, soiled day after day with excrement. The increasing stench went unnoticed for it became a condition of life. We could not smell it any more. Personal hygiene was no longer recognized and all of us broke out in boils, cracked lips festered, insect bites turned into ulcers and foot-rot was rampant. When the pains were most acute some of the men would rather crawl than walk even when this invited cruel lashings from the guards across exposed backs, creating even more open wounds. (p.94)

...

Real torture, as practised at Quatro by security specialists, was such that the bestial Khmer Rouge of Cambodia could have learnt a thing or two. They could, and did, keep detainees incommunicado for anything up to four years with no access to any kind of reading matter and for no apparent reason, and under no circumstance would a detainee be allowed the comfort of a Bible. One of the most horrendous events involving torture occurred during my sojourn at Quatro, involving one of our cadres who had managed to escape from Viana to a refugee camp in Luanda. This poor wretch had decided to quit the ANC by resigning. He had gone to the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to seek protection, which was accorded to him.... Under the eyes of the UNHCR authorities he [and another ANC cadre also wanting to resign] was kidnapped by ANC security and brought to Quatro, where they were sealed in seperate isolation cells. The one who had left Viana Camp underwent mind-blowing torture and questioning for days.. and shortly thereafter thrown bodily into our cell. His Quatro name was Pudi. (p.95)

My first sight of him almost caused me to faint with horror, as it did my cell mates. His head was rotting and the smell was beyond description. One could even smell his head above the normal stench that prevailed in the cells. He had a white burn scar running from what had one been his hairline down to his nose. His eyes were swollen and closed and the only sound squeezing out of his deformed and battered lips was an agonising moaning whimper. His poor body shook as though he had epilepsy. We did our best to comfort him and over a tortuous half-hour he painfully told us that his captors had brought him to Quatro, questioned him, beat him and poured boiling water on his head continuously until he had lost consciousness. When he awakened a few days later, the injury to his scalp had not been treated. Consequently, as we could see, the infection had putrefied into a rotting mess. (p.96)

...

He told us that the friend who had been kidnapped with him could not walk because the security men had burnt the soles of his feet with red hot coals, and then forced him to stand for lengthy periods. We never found out where the friend was being held in Quatro, so we presumed he must have “disappeared”, as had so many others. (p.96)

...

Soon the guards became aware that our severely burnt comrade was healing, whereupon they stormed into our cell and dragged him out, took him to one of the nearby trees, made him hold the trunk and thrust him head first into the tree time after time, until his burn wounds again burst open into a terrible mess. He fell unconscious to the ground and in this state was savagely beaten about the head and face with sticks. When the guards were too exhausted to carry on, they dragged his body away, alive or dead I could not say, but he disappeared for good, almost certainly to a shallow grave. (p.97)

...

A particularly sadistic torture employed at Quatro was to take a bag, place a live rat inside it and then tie the bag over the victim’s head. (p.98)

[Twela compares ANC imprisonment to Apartheid imprisonment]

... I meditated on the journey I had taken in order to be a soldier, to do my bit to free my people from the yoke of apartheid. All I had achieved was to be subjected to another kind of repression, imprisonment, and torture. If I had stayed in the Republic, fighting my own war against the Regime, I would have achieved far more in a week than I had over the past fifteen years in Angola, Mozambique and Zambia under the communist ANC leadership. Also in the event of being apprehended by the South African authorities, I would have faced a proper judicial trial and been sentenced to a prison term. (p. 100)

Prison would have consisted of a clean bed and blanket, and decent clothes would have been issued. Reasonable hot meals would have been provided. Clean hygienic cells with running water on tap, a civilized toilet facility and shower cubicles. Added to this would have been an acceptable prison work ethic and a small but welcome income, enough to allow me the luxury of buying cigarettes and toothpaste. I might have had the opportunity to study, as Nelson Mandela did, almost any subject, with access to the prison library. I would also have received medical care for injuries and illness, plus spiritual comfort from a prison chaplain of a denomination of my choice. In no way would I have been misused, beaten and tortured at the whim of a spiteful revenge-driven warden. (p.100)

Had the South African [Apartheid] government treated me half as badly as the ANC, it would have been deserved to some degree, as I had broken South African laws. In the case of the ANC, there was no such rationale. It was virtually impossible to find a detainee who had committed a clearly defined crime against the system, because there was no system. I concluded that the policies of the ANC leadership were based on personal ambition and fear. (p.100)

....

Back on South African Soil

Mwezi Twala[Twala eventually manages to return to South Africa]

As the family listened to my adventures they began to see that there were similarities beginning to manifest themselves in the townships. Intolerance, anti-democratic and totalitarian political structures supported by intimidation, violence and necklacing had become an everyday occurrence, almost the norm. In fact, it was not long before I was told that I had “forfeited my right to live in the townships”, following a “comrades” meeting in Evaton. The “comrades” proudly told the Weekly Mail (8-14 June 1990), “we ordered the family he was visiting to kick him out immediately”. I was driven from my own home. (p.153)

....

[Two of his fellow Mbokodo victims -- Sipho Phungulwa and Nicholas Dyasop -- go to Transkei to visit one of their’s sister. After attending a meeting with Transkei ANC leadership, they are caught in an ambush and Sipho is assassinated but Nicholas gets away. A year later Nicholas identifies the alleged assassins in an identification parade, whereupon the alleged ANC assassins are arrested.]

They appeared in court, only to be released on a nominal bail, and were never brought to trial! The truth of the matter was that Transkei had degenerated into the same situation as Angola, Zambia and Tanzania, where the governments supported and were accomplices in torture and murder of ANC dissidents. (p.155)

A month after Sipho Phungulwa’s murder, Nelson Mandela was confronted with full documentation of it, together with a demand for a ANC enquiry. It fell on deaf ears.. (p.155)

...

The only history of governance that the ANC has had was characterized by incompetence, corruption, cruelty and a callous disregard for democracy and human rights. Under the tutelage of the SACP, the Mbokodo subverted Albert Luthuli’s ANC into Oliver Tambo’s, which Nelson Mandela has found expedient to retain. He has ignored the recommendations and advice of the two ANC-appointed commissions of inquiry and decided that no reparations will be made, nor will the Mbokodo be punished. The ANC’s dismissal of the matter is typical of the manner dissidents were treated in exile. (p.160)

Excerpts: Mbokodo: Inside MK: Mwezi Twala - A Soldier’s Story

[…]

 
The Boer volk freedom and the Palestinian issue: the view of the South African government. Jun 2013 PDF Print E-mail
Wednesday, 03 July 2013 18:05

 

The following letter was sent today to the office of president Zuma.

Mr President,

YOUR TALKS WITH PRESIDENT OBAMA OF THE USA ON JUNE, 29, 2013.

A press release was published after your meeting with the President of the United States in which you referred to the Palestinian Question. It was reported that you said:

"Mr President, South Africa remains concerned at the lack of progress in the Middle-East peace process. We unequivocally support the Palestinian bid for statehood and believe in the principle of a two-state solution. We have noted your latest attempts to revive the stalled negotiations and you have our support in this regard. At the same time, we are of the view that a lasting peace in the Middle-East would not be possible without addressing the other on-going conflicts in the region, which are a source of much insecurity and instability."

Sir, if you were reported correctly, we cannot do otherwise but to agree wholeheartedly and unequivocally support your viewpoint as a matter of principle.

Let me remind you, sir, of the Boer demand for statehood. Your eloquent plea for the Palestinians could just as well have been for our quest for freedom. As a matter of urgency we would humbly request an audience with you to pursue the matter further.

Yours faithfully

Piet Rudolph - Chairman: Orde Boerevolk (founded 1989)

 
The World Trade Centre invasion (1993) - video PDF Print E-mail
Tuesday, 25 June 2013 07:07

 

 

The World Trade Centre invasion (1993)

 

Bearing in mind that Youtube has tendency to censor or limit the videos not politically correct, the video can be downloaded right here on “volkstaat.org”. The invitation is to spread it as much as possible.

The World Trade Centre invasion (1993) - video volkstaat.org
AVI format, 21,7 MB

The World Trade Centre invasion (1993) - video volkstaat.org
MP4 format, 21,7 MB

The World Trade Centre invasion (1993) - video volkstaat.org
M4V format, 103 MB

 
Boervolk Radio PDF Print E-mail
Thursday, 20 June 2013 07:07

 

Boervolk Radio

City of license: Kempton Park, South Africa
Broadcast area: International
Slogan: The only station for the Boervolk
First air date: 1998
Format: Afrikaans, talk shows
Owner: Private / Non-commercial
Website: www.boervolkradio.co.za

Boervolk Radio presented by the Transvaalse Separatiste (TS - Transvaal Separatists), is an internet-only radio station based in Kempton Park, South Africa.

History
The station was established in 1998 by Theuns Cloete, one of three members of the Transvaalse Separatiste think tank (other two were: Dr. Wouter Pieter Cloete, brother of Theuns, and Faan van der Watt). The mission of the station was to broadcast Afrikaans music and talk shows about Boer identity and culture, but also as mouthpiece for the Transvaalse Separatiste. It supports Afrikaans music from independent artists, as noted by Wildhorse Entertainment where songs are made freely available to listeners of Boervolk Radio.

The primary perspective of the Transvaalse Separatiste was that all individual tribes which were forcibly included first in the Union of South Africa and later the Republic of South Africa (RSA), should have the opportunity for self-determination within the southern African region. This view of devolution of power from the National Party (South Africa) controlled apartheid government was shared by the federalist solution proposed at the Kwazulu/Natal Indaba. At the Natal Indaba the traditional Zulu leaders acknowledged the interest of the Boer people in the northern part of Kwazulu-Natal (New Republic / Vryheid). The Zulu people was and remain the majority people of the KwaZulu-Natal region.

The station has not supported any political parties or religious groups from its founding. This perspective remains unchanged to this day. The station prides itself in always urging listeners to research political, national and international affairs themselves as opposed to blindly following activist groups and political parties. It is known for speaking out against movements supporting violent protests and actions, specifically from right-wing groups. For this reason it has endured scorn from the right, contrary to some media reports that the think tank was a right-wing organisation itself.

The Transvaalse Separatiste strongly opposed violent protest prior to the 1994 elections in South Africa. It held meetings with various political parties to the right of the political spectrum in the 1980s and early 1990s in an attempt to convince these groups that joining open discussions with all relevant role players in South Africa was the only viable route towards transition from minority rule. The Transvaalse Separatiste had specific discussions with Eugène Terre'Blanche of the Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB) to convince him of the importance to join the negotiations between the different political entities and the different volk of southern Africa. These talks culminated on 1989 in a meeting with the then President of the Republic of South Africa (RSA), FW de Klerk, together with representatives of the AWB and of the Boerestaat Party (BP).

Boervolk Radio, represented by Theuns Cloete, was interviewed on 6 January 2007 by The Right Perspective, a talk show based in New York City, on the 150th anniversary of the Vierkleur flag. The interview was recorded and is available here together with a synopsis of the podcast. On 25 September 2012 Boervolk Radio was a guest of Deanna Spingola on the Spingola Speaks show of Republic Broadcasting Network.

 
Notable dates of Boer past PDF Print E-mail
Monday, 10 June 2013 07:07

 

From the blog Ron_357 by Ron, director of Republican Trekker Volk

July 31, 2007

Notable Dates of Boer Past.

April 6 1652. The first White settlers led by Jan van Riebeeck arrive at the Cape on board the Drommedaris. Most of the arrivals were forced out of Europe by the VOC. The Cape is governed by the Dutch East India Company (VOC) until 1795.

Feb 21 1657. First nine free White burghers (citizens) establish settlement in Liesbeeck Valley -now Rondebosch area.

1671. Arrival of the first French Huguenot refugee Francois Villion.

1687 - 1690. Largest wave of French Huguenot refugee arrivals.

1679 - 1690. Trekboer group emerges within Cape frontier.

1730. First Boers reach George area.

1743. First recorded Trekboer loan farms in Roggeveld.

1745. The town of Swellendam is founded.

1760. Jacobus Coetzee crosses the Orange River.

1770s-90's. Intensive Khoisan resistance to Trekboer occupation.

1771. Clashes between Trekboers and Xhosa begin as trekkers cross the Gamtoos.

1786. The town of Graaff-Reinet is founded.

1795. Revolt in Swellendam & Graaff-Reinet.

Feb 6 1795. Republic of Graaff-Reinet founded.
Three-colour flag
June 18 1795. Republic of Swellendam founded.

September 16 1795. First British occupation of the Cape on behalf of the Prince of Orange.

November 12 1795. Britain takes Swellendam Republic by force.

August 12 1796. Britain takes Graaff-Reinet Republic by force.

March 9 1816. Boer Rebellion at Slagters Nek.

1824. First Trekboers cross the Orange River.


Great Trek Dates.

1835. First Voortrekkers set off northward.

1835. Johannes van Rensburg & Louis Trichardt treks start.

1836. Johannes van Rensburg & Louis Trichard die.

1836 - 1843. The Great Trek.

Feb 1836. Hendrik Potgieter crosses the Orange River along with 200 others in his trekker contingent.
Voortrekker flag
1836. Chief Moroka of the Barolong signs a treaty with the Boers after Mzilikazi, leader of the Matebele, attacked the Barolong killing some & enslaved their children.

October 1836. Mzilikazi, leader of the Matebele attacks the Boers at Vegkop attempting to kill them. Boers emerge victorious.

December 7 1836. Hendrik Potgieter elected as military commander of the trek and Gert Maritz elected as administrative leader.

1837. Andries Pretorius goes on an exploratory trek.

Jan 21 1837. Prominent figure in the eastern Cape Piet Retief writes a declaration of grievances against the British colonial government which outline reasons for the mass exodus of Boers from the Cape called the Retief Manifesto.

Jan 22 1837. The Retief Manifesto is published in the English language Graham's Town Journal.

April 1837. Piet Retief arrives at trekker camp.

September 1837. Retief arrives in Natal.

November 1837. Favourable news about a possible land deal with the current Zulu king (Dingane) resulted in more than one thousand Voortrekker wagons heading over the Drakensberg to Natal.

November 5 1837. Piet Retief leaves the main body of Trekkers.

Feb 4 1838. Piet Retief & the Zulu King Dingaan sign a treaty which allows the Boers in Natal to settle an unoccupied stretch of land south of the Tugela River.

Feb 6 1838. Piet Retief & his delegation were killed by Dingaan in Natal during a formal ceremony over the deal which had been reached earlier.

Feb 16 1838. Saailaager Massacre. Boers camped in Natal were killed on the orders of Dingaan.

Feb 17 1838. Bloukrans Massacre. 370 Boers camped in Natal were killed on the orders of Dingaan. 500 Boers in total were killed during the massacres.

April 6 1838. Piet Uys & Hendrik Potgieter rode into Zulu territory & were defeated by approx 7 000 warriors.

September 23 1838. Gert Maritz dies.

November 22 1838. Andries Pretorius arrives in Natal & is appointed leader on November 25.    

December 9 1838. Vow taken by Boers to God for protection.

December 16 1838. Battle of Blood River. Boers defeat Zulus at Nacome River after being attacked by Zulu impis & after Boer offer to enter into negotiation for peace.

The town of Pietermaritzburg is founded.

December 22 1838. The town of Potchefstroom is founded.

December 25 1838. Pretorius buries Retief & his delegation.

October 12 1839. The Natalia Republic is established with Pietermaritzburg as its capital.
Flag of the Republic of Natalia
December 24 1839. The Natalia Driekleur Flag is adopted.

1840. The new Zulu King Mpande confirms the contents of the previous treaty his predecessor made with the Boers.

1840. The Boers & the Zulus enter into an alliance under Pretorius & Mpande & two groups remain on good terms.

1840. Boers & Zulus exchange Rocks of Peace in a spirit of reconciliation.

1840. The Church of the Vow built by Boers in Pietermaritzburg.

October 16 1840. Potchefstroom / Winburg & Natalia unifies as a single Boerestaat.
Flag of the Potchefstroom Republic
December 24 1839. The Natalia Driekleur Flag is adopted.

1840. The new Zulu King Mpande confirms the contents of the previous treaty his predecessor made with the Boers.

1840. The Boers & the Zulus enter into an alliance under Pretorius & Mpande & two groups remain on good terms.

1840. Boers & Zulus exchange Rocks of Peace in a spirit of reconciliation.

1840. The Church of the Vow built by Boers in Pietermaritzburg.

October 16 1840. Potchefstroom / Winburg & Natalia unifies as a single Boerestaat.

1843. The Natalia Republic is annexed by Britain.

April 9 1844. Potgieter declares the independence of Potchefstroom.

April 1844. Boers from Natal settle at Potchefstroom.

1846. The town of Bloemfontein is founded.

1847. Pretorius leaves Natal for the high veld.

1848. Battle of Bloomplaats.

Feb 3 1848. Orange Free State annexed under Sir Harry Smith.

March 16 1852. Reconciliation between Pretorius & Potgieter.

December 16 1852. Hendrik Potgieter dies.

Jul 23 1853. Andries Pretorius dies.

1855. The town of Pretoria is founded.

1866. Boers & Zulus come together at Nacome River & stack rocks as a symbol of peace.


Orange Free State Republic Dates.

Proclamation declaring British sovereignty on Feb 3 1848 between Orange & Vaal rivers.

Pretorius defeated by the British at Boomplats August 29 1848.

The British abandoning and renouncing all dominion on Jan 30 1854.

Orange River Convention signed on Feb 17 1854.

The Orange Free State recognized as an independent republic. Feb 23 1854.

Named the Orange Free State Republic. March 29 1854.

Josias Philippus Hoffman becomes the first OFS President. April 18 1854 - Feb 10 1855.

Jacobus Nicolaas Boshof assumes office as President. Aug 27 1855 - September 6 1859.

An armed raid by President Pretorius from the Transvaal is not successful. Jan 1857.

Orange Free State Vierkleur adopted on Feb 23 1857.
Flag of the Orange Free State (Oranje-Vrystaat)
A Peace Treaty with the South African Republic (Transvaal) is signed: each State recognizes the independence of the other. June 1 1857.

An armed band of Basutos seizes Orange Free State farms and destroys buildings and orchards. Feb 1858.

A declaration of war against Moshesh who refuses redress of grievances and the unsuccessful campaign against the Basutos causes the Orange Free State to lose the war. March 19 1858.

A Treaty of Peace is signed with Moshesh at Aliwal North with cession of territory by the Free State. September 29 1858.

A proposal of Sir George Grey for a union of Cape Colony, Natal, and the Orange Free State which was not approved by the Imperial Government in England. November 19 1858.

The wars with the Basutos end. 1859.

The resignation of President Boshof is not accepted. Feb 1859.

The final resignation of President Boshof with E. R. Snyman being appointed Acting President. June 25 1859.

The district of Bethulie is ceded by Chief Lepui. October 8 1859.

J. J. Venter elected President. December 15 1859.

Marthinus Wessel Pretorius, son of Commandant General Andries Pretorius, is elected President but he has to obtain a leave of absence from the Transvaal where he was also President. Feb 8 1860 serves until June 20 1863.

A treaty is made by Adam Kok by which he cedes his lands to the Free State for £ 4,000 and he removes to East Griqualand: this cession becomes the District of Philippolis. December 26 1861.

The Bloemfontein Bank is established. June 19 1862.

Copper is first mined successfully at the Ookien mine in Little Namaqua Land. 1863.  

The resignation of President Pretorius. April 15 1863.

J. J. Venter becomes acting President. June 20 1863.

Johannes Henricus Brand elected President. November 5 1863.

President Johannes Henricus Brand assumes office. Feb 2 1864 - Jul 14 1888.

A decision is made by Sir Philip Wodehouse, in conference with representatives of the Free State and Moshesh, in favor of the Free State boundary as laid down by Sir Harry Smith. October 28 1864.

Pieter Jeremias Blignaut becomes acting President. Jul 14 1888 Jan 10 1889.

Francis William Reitz elected President. Jan 10 1889 December 11 1895.

Marthinus Steyn elected President. March 4 1896.

Railway line reaches from Cape Town to Bloemfontein. 1890.

The Orange Free State signs a pact with the Transvaal Republic. 1897.

Anglo-Boer War breaks out on October 12 1899.

Vreeniging Peace Treaty ends the independence of the Republic on May 31 1902.

Incorporation into South Africa on May 31 1910.

Republic of South Africa declared on May 31 1961.


Transvaal Republic Dates.

The Sand River Convention signed on Jan 17 1852.

Marthinus Pretious is elected as President of the first Transvaal Republic consisting then of Potchefstroom & Rustenburg districts. November 15 1855.

The Zoutpansberg Republic & the Lydenburg Republic refuse to join the Potchestroom Republic to form the South African Republic. 1856.

Representatives of the districts of Potchefstroom / Rustenburg / and Pretoria meet in special assembly and adopt a constitution for a central government, a national flag for the South African Republic (the Transvaal) and is organized under Marthinius Pretorius and Paul Kruger, but dissenters maintained separate state organizations in Zoutpansberg, Lydenburg and Utrecht. December 16 1856.
Paul Kruger
A meeting of the old Volksraad to repudiate the South African Republic "Potchefstroom" constitution of Pretorius and Paul Kruger and establish the Republic of Lydenburg of the districts of Lydenburg, Utrecht, and Zoutpansburg. December 17 1856.

Creation of the Zuid Afrikaansche Republiek. When Potchefstroom & Rustenburg join. Marthinius Pretorius inaugurated as the first President of the South African Republic. Jan 6 1857.

President Pretorius mounts an armed raid into Orange Free State to force its union with the South African Republic but it fails and peace is made by Paul Kruger. Jan 1857.

Adoption of the Transvaal Vierkleur Jan 6 1857.
“Four-colour” flag (Vierkleur)
The Peace Treaty with the Orange Free State is signed: each recognizing the independence of the other. June 1 1857.

Marthinus Pretorius accepts & becomes the President of the Orange Free State and resigns as Transvaal president. 1859.

Pretoria declared as new capital. 1860.

Zoutpansberg joined the South African Republic along with Lydenburg and Utrecht united as one state. Jan 1860.

Marthinus Pretorius receiving leave of absence as President of the Transvaal Republic takes office as President of the Orange Free State. Feb 6 1860.

Zoutpansburg / Lydenburg and Utrecht are joined in a union with the South African Republic & signed at Pretoria. April 4 1860. Zoutpansberg remains independent until 1864.

Marthinus Pretorius ends term as President of Orange Free State. April 15 1863.

The election of W. J. C. van Rensburg as President resulted in armed resistance by the Pretorius faction to the "disputed election" and a new election which Pretorius was again elected. October 1863.

Pretorious is re-elected to the office as President. May 10 1864.

The Zoutpansberg Republic is absorbed into the Transvaal Republic. 1864.

Nicolaas van Rensburg. Boer prophet born. August 30 1864.

Day of the Vow declared a public day of commemoration. 1865.

Gold discovered in Transvaal. 1871.

Thomas François Burgers elected President. Jul 1 1872 - April 12 1877.

The annexation of the Transvaal Republic occurred on April 12 1877.

Paul Kruger leads deputation to Britain to demand the freedom of the ZAR / Transvaal Republic. May 10 1877.

Telegraph service between Natal & Transvaal. 1878.

Paul Kruger leads second deputation to Britain to demand freedom of the ZAR. May 14 1878.

Triumvirate government formed on December 1 1880 consisting of Marthinus Wessel Pretorius / Paul Kruger / Petrus Jacobus Joubert.

Proclamation of renewed independence of the Transvaal Republic on Dec 13 1880.

Formal proclamation of the independence of the Transvaal Republic made on Dec 16 1880.

First shot fired in the Erste Vryheidsoorlog / First War of Independence of the ZAR. December 16 1880.

Feb 27 1881. Boer Victory over British at Majuba Hill.

Pretoria Convention ratified on Oct 25 1881.

Paul Kruger elected to his first term as President. May 9 1883.

London Convention ratified on Feb 27 1884 granting full independence of  the ZAR.

The Vryheid Republic established in Natal. August 16 1884.

Discovery of gold at Ferreira's camp later to become the town of Johannesburg. 1886.

President Paul Kruger authorizes the construction of the railway line to Delagoa Bay Mozambique. June 2 1887.

President Paul Kruger awards the Buys family a tract of land now known as Buysdorp for services rendered to the Transvaal Republic. 1888.

First railway line in Transvaal from Johannesburg to Boksburg. 1890.

Inauguration of the Paardekraal Monument. 1891.

Railway line between Lorenzo Marques Johannesburg opened. November 2 1894.

The Pretoria Delagoa Bay railway line opened by the South African Republic. 1895.

Railway line opened between Durban Johannesburg. December 16 1895.

Jameson led a force of about 500 men in a raid into the Transvaal Republic. It was resisted by the Boers & on Jan 2 1896 at Doornkop Jameson surrendered.

Railway line opened between Cape Town & Bulawayo. 1897.

5 000 Boers decide to resist the British annexation. 1897.

Transvaal signs a military pact with the Orange Free State. 1897.

Anglo-Boer War breaks out on October 12 1899.

Concentration camps initiated by British to round up Boer civilians 1901.

Vreeniging Peace Treaty ends the independence of the Transvaal Republic on May 31 1902.


New Republic Dates.

Vryheid Republic declared on August 5 1884.
Bandiera della Nuova Repubblica
South eastern portion annexed by Britain. 1887.

North western portion incorporated into the Transvaal Republic. 1887.


Anglo-Boer War Dates.

First shot of the second Anglo-Boer War by Coeztee at Kraaipanstasie. Over 27 000 people died in the world's first concentration camps as a result of the war. Half of the total Boer child population would die in the camps. October 11 / 12 1899.

Battle of Dundee. 1899.

Boers invade Natal. October 13 1899.

Sieges of Mafeking & Kimberly started. October 14 1899.

Battle of Talana. October 20 1899.

Battle of Elandslaagte. October 21 1899.

Siege of Ladysmith started. October 30 1899.

Battle of Belmont. November 23 1899.

Battle of Graspan. November 25 1899.

Battle of Modder River. Tweerivier. November 28 1899.

Battle of Lombard's Kop. December 8 1899. October 30 1899 [ historyofwar.org ] more confirmed.

Battle of Stromberg. December 10 1899.

Battle of Magersfontein. December 11 1899.

Battle of Colenso. December 15 1899.

Sir Alfred Milner the Governor of the Cape Colony. 1900.

Amalgamation of Union and Castle Steamship Lines. 1900.

Jan 6. Boers attack Ladysmith - over 1000 people killed. Jan 6 1900.

Battle of Spion Kop. Jan 23 - 24 1900.

Battle of Vaal Kranz. Feb 7 1900.

Boer War: In South Africa, 20,000 British troops invade the Orange Free State. Feb 14.

Relief of Kimberly. Feb 15 1900.

Battle of Hart's Hill. Feb 23. 1900.

Battle at Paardeberg. First great British victory of the war. Feb 18 1900 - Feb 27 1900.

British military leaders receive an unconditional notice of surrender from Boer General Piet Cronje. Feb 27.

Ladysmith relieved. Feb 28 1900.

Battle of Poplar Grove. March 7 1900.

Bloemfontein captured by the British. March 13 1900.

First Boer prisoners of war arrive in St. Helena. April 14 1900.

Battle of Diamond Hill. June 11 1900.

Burning of Boer farms [ scorched earth ] policy authorized by Lord Kitchener. July / August 1900.

Teachers arrive from England to teach in the concentration camps followed by 100 teachers from Canada / New Zealand / & Australia. 1901.

Treaty of Vereeniging signed ending the Anglo-Boer War. May 31 1902.

Paul Kruger dies from cardiac failure after a period of illness. He is buried next to his wife Gezina Susanna Frederika Wilhelmina in Pretoria. July 14 1904.


British Occupation Dates.

March 13 1900. British forces occupy Bloemfontein, Orange Free State.

May 17 1900. British troops relieve Mafeking.

May 24 1900. British annex Orange Free State as Orange River Colony.

May 31 1900. British take Johannesburg.

June 5 1900. British take Pretoria.

September 1 1900. Proclamation of British annexation of the Transvaal.


Post Anglo-Boer War Dates.

President Paul Kruger dies. 1904.

Incorporation [of the former Boer Republics. Ed] into South Africa on May 31 1910.

Chinese labourers recruited for the Transvaal mines. 1904.

Asiatic Registration Act passed in the Transvaal. Indians oppose it. 1906.

Census of population taken. May 17 1911.

Miners strikes & riots on Witwatersrand. 1913.

Consecration of the Vrouemonument. December 1913.

General Koos De La Rey is shot & killed at a roadblock. September 15 1914.
Koos De La Rey
The Boer Revolt or Maritz Rebellion. September 15 1914.

Commandant Jopie Fourie executed by firing squad. December 20 1914.
Jopie Fourie
Former President Marthinus Steyn of the Orange Free State dies. 1916.

General Hertzog leads freedom deputation to Versailles to demand restoration of the Boer Republics. Sept 3 1919.

Afrikaans used for the first time in church. November 10 1919.

The dialect of Afrikaans spoken by the Boers is removed from Parliament. 1921 - 1923.

The Rand Revolt. 1922.

Recognition of Afrikaans as second official language of the Union after English. 1925.

Nicolaas van Rensburg. Notable Boer prophet died. March 11 1926.

Afrikaans Bible issued. 1933.

Ossewa Brandwag formed as an offshoot of Boer Republics restoration movement & as vehicle to achieve goal. 1939.
Ossewa Brandwag (OB)
300 000 to 500 000 people demand the restoration of the Boers Republics. 1940s.

Voortrekker Monument built. 1949.

Afrikaner establishment unite & organize against the Boer Republican movement preventing the Boers from reclaiming the Boer Republics. 1949.

D F Malan hijacks & subverts Boer Republican movement & co-opts a portion of its remnants into the fold of Afrikaner Nationalism. An Afrikaans language based teleocratic agenda aimed at securing an Afrikaans language based hegemony of the macro State of South Africa while marginalizing the Boer people in the process as Boers are outnumbered by Cape Dutch [ non-Boer ] descended Afrikaners. 1949.

Prime Minister Hans Strijdom dies in office after four years of assuming office. He was noted for leaning towards the restoration of the Boer Republics before suddenly dying. He was one of the few leaders of Boer descent. 1958.

The town of Randburg is founded by the chairman of a town council action committee: Robert van Tonder.  1959.

October 5 1960. Referendum on turning South Africa into a republic.

May 31 1961. Republic of South Africa declared.

1961. Robert van Tonder leaves the National Party to pursue restoring the Boer Republics.

1977. First printing of Boerestaat of Robert van Tonder.
Boerestaat, by Robert van Tonder
1984. The AWB adopts the notion of restoring the Boer Republics. Membership grows.
Afrikaner Weerstandsbeweging (AWB)
1986. Robert van Tonder founds the Boerestaat Party as a democratic vehicle to achieve the goal of Boer Republic restoration.

1991. Robert van Tonder goes on the record calling President F W de Klerk "an undemocratic oppressor" for not allowing a vote on Boer Republic restoration.

[ 1990 - 1994. Boer Armed Struggle for Independence 1990 – 1994. Ed. ]

[ 1995. The Boer Republican Electoral Commission (BVK) ask the UN recognition of the Boers as indigenous people of southern Africa. Ed. ]

1999. Robert van Tonder dies after long battle with cancer.

[ 2010. Eugene Terre'Blanche murdered in his farm. Ed. ]

Eugene Terre'Blanche

 
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