2000. Comunism and transnational corporations: A tragedy in Angola (LoBaido) PDF Print E-mail
Sunday, 28 November 2010 00:00

The following article, by Anthony C. LoBaido, was taken from WorldNetDaily.com (which published it the 17th January 2000).

 

A tragedy in Angola
Communism, diamond profits, U.N. betrayal destroying anti-communist UNITA movement

 

UNITA - Patria, liberdade, unidade - AngolaWinston Churchill’s famous saying – “When evil men combine, good men must unite, or else they will fall one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle” -- makes a fitting epitaph for UNITA, the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola [União Nacional para a Independência Total de Angola. Ed.], currently being wiped from the face of the earth by its communist neighbors.
Since 1975, UNITA has fought bravely as a Christian, anti-communist force. In fact, in the last quarter century, UNITA has taken on the communist Popular Movement for the Liberation [MPLA. Ed.] of the government of Angola, blocked inroads by the Soviet Union and Eastern Block nations, and fought successfully against North Korea and Cuba, not to mention tangling with the United Nations’ peacekeeping forces and the Executive Outcomes special forces mercenary army financed by Western transnational corporations.
“UNITA is a Christian movement which understands communism is evil and still a threat to all of Africa,” stated South African missionary Peter Hammond in a WorldNetDaily interview. “They have fought for 25 years, and I believe they can still fight for another 25 more.” Hammond is a former Special Forces soldier with the South African Defense Force.
Historically, southern Angola was an impenetrable fortress protected by lush forests in the north and east, and the Kalahari Desert in the South bordering Namibia, said Hammond.
Until 1989, Namibia was known as “Southwest Africa,” an anti-communist country controlled by South Africa [RSA. Ed.]. UNITA rebels received supplies, aid and thousands of South African Afrikaner troops to help her fight off the Soviet-bloc invasion of Angola during the 1970s and ‘80s.
Nelson and Winnie Mandela alongside KGB colonel and then-ANC leader Joe Slovo in front of Soviet flag, giving the communist saluteBut the 1994 ousting of the Afrikaner leaders in South Africa, pushed intensely by both the United States government and the United Nations, installed into power the Marxist African National Congress, led by Nelson Mandela. The first president of the communist “New South Africa,” Mandela made it one of his priorities to destroy UNITA -- with the aid of Executive Outcomes [acronym: EO. Ed.].
EO is led by Eeben Barlow, a white Special Forces operator who once trained UNITA troops to fight against the Soviets and the African National Congress. Although Executive Outcomes, being a mercenary army, later pressured UNITA militarily in the early and mid 1990s, it never achieved total victory. EO later pulled out of Angola to fight other wars in Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka and Papua New Guinea -- all for millions of dollars and the rights to lucrative gold, diamond and copper mines.
However, Namibia was taken over in 1990 by the communist-led SWAPO, or South West African People's Organization. SWAPO now has given the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola, or MPLA, as well as mercenaries from Zimbabwe, permission to attack UNITA from its southern flank.
The results have been nothing short of disastrous.

Southern Africa, 1965 - 1989. Map

Persecution of Christians

MPLA special forcesChristians in Southern Angola are currently enduring the extreme trials of suffering as the Communist Angolan government -- the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola -- is making an all-out military assault on the Cuando Cubango province [in the southeastern Angola. Ed.].
In the late 1970s, the Cuban-backed MPLA persecuted Christians in Angola, causing many of them to flee to UNITA-controlled Christian southeastern Angola.
According to eyewitnesses, in recent weeks MPLA Angolan government troops have swept though the rural areas along the Namibian and Angolan border, leaving in their path burned huts, destroyed villages and the bodies of civilians who apparently had been executed in cold blood.
An Associated Press reporter went to one site where he found the bodies of nine men, all with gunshot wounds to the forehead. The bodies had been doused with fuel and set on fire, but rains had extinguished the flames. All of the men wore civilian clothes. One body had been scalped, and a hand was chopped off. It was unclear what had happened to the other civilians who were marched away at gunpoint.


The loss of Jamba

UNITA. Jamba, Angola

“We have heard reports that Angolan army eliminates all people it believes are with UNITA,” said Phil ya Nangoloh, the executive director of the Windhoek, Namibia-based National Society for Human Rights.
The total number dead in this offensive has yet to be determined, but there are tens of thousands of refugees.
Angola mapRecently [the 24th December 1999. Ed.], the People’s Movement for the Liberation of Angola seized the town of Jamba, UNITA’s headquarters. Meaning “elephant” in the local Unbundu language, Jamba is located near the southeast border of Namibia and Zambia. Originally, UNITA’s first bush base, today it is home to 20,000 Christians displaced by the MPLA’s war against UNITA.
The MPLA also captured a UNITA supply base on an island in the Cubango River, which rests near the Angolan-Zambian-Namibian border. Over 50 mortar bombs, 200 land mines, two cannons and other equipment were captured, according to the Namibian Broadcasting Corporation.
The loss of Jamba is a huge blow for UNITA, which also lost its base in the Central Highlands of Angola last October. Jamba had long been a secure base, featuring bunkers, artillery batteries and a plethora of landmines. The massive airborne assaults of the Cubans and Russians during the 1980s could not begin to penetrate the region.
However, throughout the 1990s the U.N. and non-governmental agencies came into Southern Angola on “humanitarian missions,” only to begin mapping exactly where UNITA had planted its landmines. The movement to take up the landmines was greatly aided by the late Princess Diana of Wales.
“Although Angola is plagued by landmines -- many thousands have lost limbs to the mines, and farmers will not plant crops for fear of the mines -- they are needed to defend UNITA-held territory,” said Willem Ratte, a former South Africa Defense Force Special Forces commander who led South Africa’s war in Angola against the Russians.
North Korean troops fought with the Soviets in Angola against UNITA in the 1980s, killing 30,000 black Matabele tribesmen who opposed the communist takeover of Rhodesia/Zimbabwe. Today North Korean troops are digging for uranium in Marxist Congo, hoping to make nuclear bombsBy 1997, UNITA had learned of this military intelligence-style mission and banned all non-governmental organizations from Southern Angola.
The United Nations and Western governments, as well as transnational corporations like Chevron and DeBeers, are supportive of the communist MPLA government. Over the course of recent months, many news articles have been published regarding the war in Angola. Typically, UNITA and its leader Jonas Savimbi have been vilified [Jonas Savimbi was killed in combat, the 22nd February 2002. Ed].
Indeed, news coverage by the establishment media has been such as to evoke little outcry against the MPLA atrocities.
Jonas Savimbi, leader of the UNITAThe current communist offensive in Angola against UNITA is in no small part related to the fact that UNITA controls lucrative diamond fields coveted by the DeBeers corporation. DeBeers, which signed a secret diamond deal with the Soviet Union in the 1950s to monopolize the world diamond market, is anxious to see UNITA defeated. The reason? UNITA sells one billion dollars worth of diamonds each year through European outlets -- cutting deeply into DeBeers’ profits.
Southern Africa is the world's treasure chest of strategic metals. Cobalt, zirconium oxide (a rare commodity used to sheath reactor fuel), titanium (used in aircraft) and “Wonder Stone” a rare rock harder than steel which is found only at a single mine near Klerksdorp, South Africa are vital to the America and the West’s strategic arsenal.


A ‘Cold War’ showdown

“In the 1970s, Soviet Premier Brezhnev announced the Brezhnev Doctrine, in which he sought to capture the mineral treasure chest of Southern Africa and boycott these metals to the West,” said former U.S. Ambassador to Costa Rica Lewis Tambs in an exclusive interview with WorldNetDaily. Tambs served on President Reagan’s National Security Council.
By Nov. 10, 1985, Brezhnev’s “forward policy” was on a roll, as he had found in the Third World a willing and enthusiastic audience, said Tambs. Brezhnev knew that the U.S. would offer only token opposition, and so between 1974 and 1986, the Soviets sent $400 million in weapons to the MPLA. The U.S. responded by sending, via the CIA, $32 million to UNITA.
However, virtually all of the UNITA and South African Defense Force soldiers interviewed by WorldNetDaily claimed the CIA’s weapons were either defective or lacked the needed spare parts to keep them operational.
The U.S. also supported another Angolan group, the FNLA [Forças Armadas de Libertação de Angola, in English: People’s Armed Forces for Liberation of Angola. Ed.], to the tune of $50 million -- also through the CIA. But all U.S. aid to UNITA was cut off in 1975 by the Clark Amendment.
By 1985, Cuban troops in Angola totaled 31,000, supported by over 3,000 East German and Soviet personnel. Soviet military aid in Angola expanded to more than $1 billion between 1984 and 1985, and by 1989 had jumped to $2 billion.
The MPLA was also given 30 MiG fighter jets, 23 bombers and 500 tanks (350 T-55s and 150 T-34s). At the same time, the Gulf and Chevron oil companies were paying the MPLA hundreds of millions of dollars to protect "their" oil fields -- a service later taken over by Executive Outcomes.
During the Reagan Administration, U.S. aid to UNITA was once again increased, up to about $15 million per year.
Then in September 1985, MPLA forces crossed the Lomba River towards Mavinga, at which stage the Afrikaner-led South African Defense Force entered the war [operations “Magneto” and “Wallpaper”. Ed.] and stopped the MPLA dead in its tracks.
While Soviet and Cuban officers were airlifted to safety by helicopter, this MPLA disaster led Moscow to reappraise its commitment to the Angolan theater. The Soviets sent Gen. Konstantin Shagnovitch to assume overall control of the war, together with another $1 billion in weapons.
In March 1987, a small contingent of 3000 South African Defense Force personnel, trained by Willem Ratte and other SADF elite special forces soldiers, rallied with 8,000 UNITA troops to take on the Soviet-bloc advance.
The Soviet bloc troops totaled 50,000 Cubans as well as 7,000 Russians, East Germans and North Koreans who had been propping up the MPLA regime. The Soviet bloc force was routed, and enormous numbers of tanks, vehicles and equipment were destroyed and captured by the SADF.
Had the MPLA campaign been successful, the communist forces would have invaded Namibia (then Southwest Africa) and finally South Africa itself [the RSA. And probably also all black independent states that existed at that time. Ed]. But it was this Angolan border war, which had raged since the 1960s, and which intensified during the period from 1975 -- when Portugal granted Angola its independence -- to 1989, that shaped much of the Christian, anti-communist sentiment that unites white, black, Indian and colored South Africans in their struggle for freedom to this very day.
Eeben Barlow, the head of Executive Outcomes. EO’s corporate involvment turned Barlow into a very wealthy manAn agreement negotiated by U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Chester Crocker with South Africa [RSA. Ed.], Cuba and the U.S.S.R. led to a South African Defense Force pullout from Angola and South West Africa. The agreement also provided for the removal of 50,000 Cuban mercenaries from Angola, but allowed 20,000 Cuban soldiers to stay behind as “private citizens.”
This left UNITA alone to stand against the Cuban-backed MPLA, the United Nations’ military presence, as well as the corporate-funded Executive Outcomes, and the new Marxist regimes of Zimbabwe and Namibia.
“If UNITA wins, they owe the West nothing,” said Ratte in an interview with WorldNetDaily. “The MPLA, on the other hand, long ago sold its soul to the Western multinational corporations. Russia and China now control Southern Africa for all intents and purposes.
Ratte added, “There is nothing the communists respect more than strength. There is nothing they despise more than weakness.”